The Two-dimensional Doppler Effect

The separation of 2-d facts from 4-d inferences.  The physical sciences are unnecessarily difficult and are likely to remain so until it is widely known that they could be simplified at a stroke by splitting into two parts, a 4 dimensional part for subjective theories of what can not be seen and a much simpler … Continue reading The Two-dimensional Doppler Effect

A paradigm-shift in five or so verses

Why theories are divided in an undivided world Scientific theories tell us, On every single page, The universe is divided Into time and space, With seconds and with metres, Which every theory says Are what one needs to measure with When measuring time and space Scientists also tell us In everything they do, That making … Continue reading A paradigm-shift in five or so verses

The wordless language of scientific measurements

The language of Science does not use words. There is no ‘time’, ‘distance’ or ‘speed’ in science. Science uses diagrams and a single unit, ‘metre’, which cancels out of equations to leave only diagrams and numbers. Trigonometry is the science of diagrams and numbers, so trigonometry is the language of science. There are no theories … Continue reading The wordless language of scientific measurements

Three dimensional science

Science has three dimensions and theories have four. There are consequently no theories in science and only corrupted science in theories. Theories are not science. They are 4-d stories about science. Science is about pairs of objects and pair diagrams and nothing else. Theories are about single objects and single object reference frames. Theories are … Continue reading Three dimensional science

Why all scientific theories are wrong

George Berkeley, the eighteenth century philosopher who discovered that the visible world is far simpler than scientists and philosophers think Berkeley’s attack on thought, in 1710 In 1710, the Irish philosopher and scientist, George Berkeley, startled philosophers, scientists and the general public by telling them that the way philosophers and scientists think is fundamentally wrong. … Continue reading Why all scientific theories are wrong

The three-dimensional observable world

The past and the present The observable world has only three dimensions because it consists of pictures on the retina. No picture on a two dimensional surface has more than three dimensions. The pictures show recent, and less recent, events in the present. They may therefore be described as the past. The present consists of … Continue reading The three-dimensional observable world

A challenge to scientists and philosphers from 1710

In 1710, philosopher, George Berkeley, dismissed scientists and philosophers for making theories with concepts of their own invention and calling it science and philosophy. ‘What do we learn’ (from theories), he asked, ‘but our own ideas’. In a step designed to stop scientists and philosophers from making theories, Berkeley proposed a stricter likeness principle to … Continue reading A challenge to scientists and philosphers from 1710

Removing time, distance, speed and the speed of light from science

The speedless flow of data Fig 1 shows the writer standing between a pair of mirrors mounted on the north and south walls of a small room. In both mirrors I see a chain of continually changing images of the room. I know they are continually changing because if I move the images of me … Continue reading Removing time, distance, speed and the speed of light from science

Humpty Dumpty’s science

‘When I use a word’ Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, it means just what I choose it to mean – neither more nor less.’ ‘The question is’ said Alice, ‘whether you can make words mean so many different things.’ ‘The question is’ said Humpty Dumpty, ‘which is to be master – that’s … Continue reading Humpty Dumpty’s science

What we see and what scientists think we see

What we see On a clear dark night in winter, a person in the northern hemisphere sees a sky full of stars, slowly rotating round the pole star. As they rotate, the positions of all the stars, near and far, are continuosly refreshed, minute by minute. What scientists think we see Scientists tell us that … Continue reading What we see and what scientists think we see